Sunday, May 24, 2020
The United States has had many hurricanes throughout history, though only a few have turned the world upside down and have had mass casualties in it. Although hurricane Katrina hit many areas two of the hardest areas that Katrina hit was New Orleans and Mississippi. On August 23,2005 people living in the Bahamas embraced for a tropical depression that would later turn into what was known as hurricane Katrina. The tropical storm started out with wind s speed as high as 38 miles per hour. Meteorologist watched out for the hurricane and observed the bearing of it s development. When meteorologist precept the depression, transforming into a hurricane with wind s speeds as high as 39-73 miles per hour meteorologist were compelled to caution individuals living along the Gulf Coast that a noteworthy hurricane was going there route and to begin getting ready to evacuate if necessary. On August 28th The day preceding Katrina hit, New Orleans Mayor issued a required evocation reques t. The chairman additionally announced that the Superdome, a stadium situated on high ground close to downtown, would serve as an asylum for individuals who couldn t leave the city. Somewhere in the range of 112,000 of New Orleans almost 500,000 individuals in Mississippi did not have access to an auto. By dusk, just about 80 percent of the city s populace had emptied. Approximately 10,000 had sought shelter in the Superdome, while a large number of others decided to endure theShow MoreRelatedHurricane Katrin New Orleans And Mississippi1876 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages The United states has had many hurricanes throughout history, though only a few have turned the world upside down and have had mass casualties in it. Although hurricane Katrina hit many areas two of the hardest areas that Katrina hit was New Orleans and Mississippi. On August 23,2005 people living in the Bahamas embraced for a tropical depression that would later turn into what was known as hurricane Katrina. The tropical storm started out with wind s speed as high as 38 miles per hour.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
4/15/2011 SUMBITED TO: | Sir.Randolph Johnson | improvement analysis | international operation management | Contents: Page no IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 3 Service design processÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 5 Product design and process designÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 8 Capacity managementÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 10 Quality managementÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 12 ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 15 ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 16 * Introduction: Metro Cash amp; Carry : Started in 1964 in Germany with a unique concept which provides full-service solutions from purchase to delivery for professional customers,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For example, a hotel may choose to have a Service Design the agency appointed may change the way its menu is set out, or change the layout of the rooms to improve the customers experience. Customers can mean paying clients, but also can be within an organization, so long as they are the direct recipients of a service. The increasing importance and size of the service sector, both in terms of people employed and economic importance, requires services to be accurately designed in order for service providers to remain competitive and to continue to attract customers. Organizations who pioneer in service design apply design tools, techniques and thinking to service challenges, to improve existing services and to create new ones. This is typically done by shadowing service users this technique produces more accurate insights into the usability of a service than traditional remote surveys because what people say they do is frequently different to what they actually do. Concepts and ideas generated are captured in sketches or in service prototypes. The strong visual element, combined with the opportunity to test and rapidly change services and interfaces, delivers real value in todays competitive markets. The following are a few service design techniques that Metro uses to facilitate its customers: * Efficient store concept designed for professional need There are three different storeShow MoreRelatedEmployee Performance Management At International Operations1621 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Given that the essential mission of a human resources management department is to maximize employee contribution in service of an employer s strategic objectives we could say that therefore managing employee performance is one of the core mission of a human resources department. (Johnason, 2009). Some changes in the business environment such as globalization and deregulation of markets are fostering companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ internationalization. At the same time the decreasing barriers for new entrantsRead MoreA Short Note On International Operations Management And International Business3922 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pages INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT MSC MANAGEMENT AND INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COHORT SEPTEMBER 2014 Module code: MAN7013 Prepared by: THANH VU NGUYEN Student ID: S13181084 Prepared for: TONY BIRCH Submission date: 3 July 2015 Introduction Coca Cola Company is known as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest beverage company with its flagship product Coca Cola, which is invented by pharmacist John Stith Pemberton in Columbus, Georgia. According to the 2005 annual report, the company operatedRead MoreInternational Event Production Operations Management Crisis Management Essay1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand experienced graduate with proven event management and marketing skills. Demonstrated the ability to take on higher levels of responsibility having successfully organised, planned and marketed National events and campaigns throughout Australia. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Marketing Communications Ã¢â¬ ¢ Digital Marketing, EDM etc Ã¢â¬ ¢ Stakeholder Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Social Media Management Qualifications Education: Ã¢â¬ ¢ National Event Production Ã¢â¬ ¢ Operations Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Crisis Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Invoicing Purchasing Ã¢â¬ ¢ Proficient MicrosoftRead MoreThe Fundamental Elements Of Toyota Company1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesToyota Company. These include its supply chain management, inventory management and operation management. In each item, it discusses the faced by each and provides appropriate measures that should be employed to make such process a success in the company s operations. A company that is using the three elements appropriately makes its operations easy alongside improving its chances profit making. Therefore, such items are significant for the operation of the company. Introduction TMC (Toyota MotorRead MoreOpm300 Slp 1 Introduction to Operation Management770 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswriting a paper (with paragraphs, including an introductory, body, and concluding section): 1) The organization s name and main line of business, 2) A specific type of operations process that takes place there (either service or product), 3) Describe the nature of the operations given your newfound understanding of operations management and productivity.Ã 4) You may identify the strategy or global strategy of that organization. Feel free to consult background readings, browse our library to find moreRead MoreBIRMINGHAM INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ BIRMINGHAM INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Introduction: Operations management is concerned with the design, planning, control and improvement of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s resources and processes to produce goods or services for customers. Whether it is the provision of airport services, greetings cards, plastic buckets or holidays, operations managers will have been involved in the design, creation and delivery of those products or service each part of the airport Ã¢â¬â terminals, baggage handling services, aeroRead MoreZappos Case Study802 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescreation, one support, and one general management Process you might encounter at Zippos. The customer benefit package Zappos provided to their customers is theÃ¢â¬ Deliver Wow through ServiceÃ¢â¬ for customers who ever order from Zappos , and they also provide free shipping in both directions for all their purchases and they often give customers free upgrade surprise and 360 return day policy. 2. Explain the role of service encounters and service management skills at Zappos. How does Zappos createRead MoreHard Rock Cafe Om Case Essay654 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesINTRODUCTION TO OPERATION MANAGEMENT PG1 INTRODUCTION TO OPERATION MANAGEMENT: Identify how each of the 10 decisions of operations management is applied at Hard Rock CafÃ ©. TOURO UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL GEORGE L. HALL MODULE I CASE ASSIGNMENT OPM 300 INTRODUCTION TO OPERATION MANAGEMENT DR. ROGER B. RENSVOLD DR. GARY HANNEY 18 AUGUST 2008 Identify how each of the 10 decisions of operations management is applied at Hard Rock CafÃ ©. Read MoreOperational Management quiz 11500 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Uitwerkingen vragen Operational Management toets 1 Copyright: BartThom Signs and symbols in a service facility are helpful because they: Reduce anxiety with waiting Cause customers to spend more money per visit Cause employees to be more helpful Orient customers and promote acceptable behaviour Using the SREDEDIM method, if you had to monitor to see if the conditions had changed which step would you perform: Install a new method Examine the facts Maintain new method Select the work method RecordRead MoreOperations Management in Tesco1597 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhy is Operations Management so important in this organisation? In order to define why Operations Management is needed in an organisation knowledge of operations management is required. Operations management is an area of management concerned with overseeing, designing, and redesigning business operations in the production of goods and/or services. It includes the responsibility of ensuring that business operations are efficient by using as few resources as needed, and effective in terms
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Ã¢â¬Å"Disadvantages of Being EducatedÃ¢â¬ examines contemporary societyÃ¢â¬â¢s preference for building specialized skills at the expense of liberal education. Albert Knock believes that todayÃ¢â¬â¢s curricula have changed its orientation from helping create the Renaissance Man from the tabula rasa into the mechanic of Ford or the programmer of Silicon Valley. Knock pointed out that this is training and should not be synonymous with education. We will write a custom essay sample on KnockÃ¢â¬â¢s Educated Man or any similar topic only for you Order Now Being proficient or trained in something could categorize one as trained but not educated. Training is not synonymous to having been educated. KnockÃ¢â¬â¢s man has cultivated his intellect and character to the point where his options for the future included, in his words, Ã¢â¬Å"what he could become and be instead of what he could get and doÃ¢â¬ . What is surprising for him is contemporary societyÃ¢â¬â¢s not distinguishing between the difference between training and education which was not the case before. During the Medieval period, scholars of classical works were looked upon as learned men. The cobbler, builder, stonemasons, tinkerers, and town criers were on a subordinate level far below that of the scholastics. Carrying on with KnockÃ¢â¬â¢s line of thought, we could imagine the manual laborers of the Dark Ages as having become shoe stylists and fashion models, engineers, computer programmers and technicians, and TV hosts of today who are good in their fields and perhaps below mediocre in dialectics. Yet, the honor of having Ã¢â¬Å"made itÃ¢â¬ is easily applied to them by contemporary society than to the stereotyped harried-looking teacher of a university. Knock has nothing against the emphasis on specialization. He argued that specialization and liberal education are relevant. Both could be had instead of having one being preferred at the expense of the other. Knock expressed regret this is not so today. The educated man that he had in mind would be hard put to find his place in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s modern setting. His educated man is open to other fields of interests that would encourage the thinking process: argue the ills of society, participate in dialectics, and develop a mind that is always inquiring and trying to discover what is good for the best kind of life. Since todayÃ¢â¬â¢s trend in life is getting the proper or specialized skill that could ensure one a high-paying job, KnockÃ¢â¬â¢s educated man would have difficulty connecting with his contemporaries. He would not be in agreement with their having narrowing the focus of their concentration and energy to the mundane ambition of having an eight- to- five job that could buy them a Superbowl ticket and ensure a healthy pension after working as a cog or bolt in an assembly line. He would not even care to become the main nut in that assembly line. Each field created its own complexities and somebody having found himself a niche in his chosen field could claim a consultancy fee. I could be a consultant to the Tupperware Company if my scientific expertise resulted to inventing a fireproof plastic. The skill acquired in such a field may be hopelessly irrelevant during the Renaissance period but the pay is hopefully and insanely more than sufficient to ensure a comfortable life while still pursuing new plastic discoveries. One can only stay in the business if he or she will continue to update with new developments or make new developments himself. Failure to do so would condemn oneself to irrelevance in his chosen field. Meaning, the acquisition of knowledge on plastics will have to continue until the moment I die, perhaps induced by having to work with plastic. The competition for the American dream is rigid and I could not afford to pause for a breath asking the meaning of life while everybody else is plunging down to their success. As a student, Knock would prefer me to be the educated man that he has in mind. He wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree to my cultivating a mindset that looks forward to having just a job to enable me to pay for my daily meals, ensure payment for my cable bills, and after work enabling me to be a couch potato. Knock would love see me entertain ideas for ideasÃ¢â¬â¢ sake and look at them as an educated man would look: objectively and disinterestedly. Knock perhaps sees the mainstream as a flock of sheep narrowing their vision on the grass before them and seldom raising their heads to appreciate the greater perspective. For most of us-including me- the trend is acquiring skills; the more specialized the skill, the greater the opportunity for a well-placed and well-paying job. The past-paced world that we have today is unkind to thinkers. Why pursue the meaning of life when what is life has already been defined by the American dream? Consumerist society measures a man by his capability to purchase the hottest and the latest pick. For someone to indulge in the search for the meaning of life would be condemning oneself to a meaningless life of penury and from the viewpoint of the mainstream-irrelevance. The social construct on success has already been insinuated, defined, and considered as an end. Knock may quote Longfellow and implore me, Ã¢â¬Å"Be not like dumb, driven cattle, be the hero in the strifeÃ¢â¬ . Yes, I have already heard it in the required subjects in the first year and it is difficult to indulge myself in them when I am about to major in something useful. History, reexamining its ills, could not buy my cappuccino at Starbucks; Moliere and his wit could not pay for my taxicab fare; and I have no time to waste on KantÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Critique on Pure ReasonÃ¢â¬ when I have to attend a workshop on plastics. Free thinking could free the soul, nourish the intellect, and strengthen the character. This is quite noble and at best, the preoccupation of the Renaissance Man. This is tempting but it would be difficult to explain myself to my friends in when we met to socialize or even to my family during a reunion. How to cite KnockÃ¢â¬â¢s Educated Man, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Write a report on the topic water quality management. Answer: Abstract The report is prepared on the topic water quality management and it consists information on WSUD technologies and how it works to effect storm water quality. There are various technologies which can be used for water management like permeable pavement, constructed wetland, green roof and bio filtration system etc. hence, a particular technology will be selected from the above mentioned and a review would be given on the same. Report also consists of some new innovations which can be made for enhancing water quality management resources. Introduction WSUD is known to be called as water-sensitive urban design. It is land planning and designing technically through an engineering approach which helps the urban water cycle along with the groundwater, storm water, wastewater and water supply management to be moulded in an urban design for minimising degradation of environment. It also helps in improving recreational and aesthetic appeal of water cycle. This process is differently known as low impact development (LID) in the United states and the term WSUD is known in Australia and the middle east region. Whereas, in United Kingdom, it is known as SUDS i.e. sustainable urban drainage system (Vymazal, 2010). The best use of technology is made in storm water quality treatment and for the selection is a treatment in the same, there is a system of process which has to be followed for choosing an appropriate treatment. This process consists of knowing treatments approaches, treatment training, then hybrid the systems, researching the treatments (Vymazal, 2010). It is important to understand nature of catchment, then determining suitable measures for treatment, guessing optimal measures, know who and how will do the process and then developing detailed design of storm water system (Rawstrone, 2009). From the above types of treatments mentioned in the abstract, one is green roofs. This process is very much helpful for controlling and managing the storm water. Green roofs are also known as vegetated covers on the roof. They can be named as nature roofs, living roofs or the eco roofs. In this process, a thin layer of different plants is grown on the top of the roof (Rawstrone, 2009). This type of planting does not consist of a group of plants potted in pots. It is a kind of conventional roof extended which consists of installation of layers of plants, membranes and substrates. This technology is no new to the world. Even in history, green roofs were used widely hundreds of years ago. This helped keeping the house in a normal temperature. In the modern era, people started making green roofs popular as they help in reducing water wastage and preventing storm water from running off the roofs adding an additional space for greenery (Brodie, 2012). (www.waterqualitymanagement.com) Role of Wsud in Storm Water Control Storm water control and management is not only a necessity but also an ethical support by the humans to the nature. Water is an important resource to us and it must be given the deserved importance by one and all. Hence, the storm water shouldnt get wasted. Green roofs are an initiative taken, by which the water coming from rains and storms is used for growth of plants and increasing greenery. This not only saves water but also helps in increasing plantation in the environment (Vymazal, 2010). Some more roles played by WSUD- Manages catchments which maintains and improves resources of water. It helps in managing and avoiding risk to human life and their property. It also ensures an efficient and good use of the water. This way the economical, ethical, cultural and social values are maintained. Green Roof Technolohy- A Help (How?) Green roofs are helpful- It is an easy, effective way of beautifying environment. These help in contributing to the landfilling diversion. With the roofs, the water gets stored and then taken by plants and then returned to the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration. These roofs moderate temperature and act as natural air filter. Manages the storm water from running off. The temperature of cities can be kept moderated through green roofs at the time of extensive summers and winters. Reduce extensive dust in the atmosphere. The plants help by capturing and atmospheric depositions and pollutants. It also filters noxious and harmful gases (Gardiner and Hardy, 2005). Hence, we come to an answer that green roofs are an extremely useful way of WSUD in the cities and countries to manage storm waters and treat it the right way naturally (Ahammed, Hewa, and Argue, 2012). It involves less cost and uses low maintenance by the humans for working properly for several years. Figure 1 (www.mainsoneco.com) Other Methods Which Come Under Wsud- Permeable pavement- this method consists of a range of materials and different techniques which are sustainable, made for permeable pavements. These are either with a base or a subbase which allows storm water to move through surface. It reduces run off, traps the suspension of solids and filters the pollutants in water. Constructed wetland- this is an artificial wetland, also known as CW. It is created for treating the discharge from wastewater in industries and the storm water run-off. Bio filtration system- it is a pollution controlling system made to save aquaculture through the bio filters created. The dissolved substances and the colloidal pollutants are generally very harmful for the environment and the people (Ahammed, Hewa, and Argue, 2012). These are needed to be removed from the storm water in the ponds and even normal households. Hence, the WSUD treatments help in removing these harmful pollutants from the storm water and wastewater. The harmful pollutants which are removed through treatment are- TSS, Tot-P, Tot-N, COD, BOD, pathogens and heavy metals (Vymazal, 2010). Improvements Which can be Made WSUD is in itself a very innovative and effective technology for the treatment of water. Especially the storm waters can be beautifully, without wasting or harming any natural resource gets treated by green roof and pavement method (Beecham and Chowdhury, 2012). Except this, the engineers and technicians can work on making processes easier and of lesser cost while setting up. In this case, many houses will welcome the methods. Government can work and advertise to make the strategies more popular (Vymazal, 2010). By taking up ways to reduce renewal and maintenance cost can also help (Beecham and Chowdhury, 2012). Some ways like collecting storm water and then treating it for getting pure water of usage can also be given thought as new innovations. (www.greenroofs.org) Summary At the end, we come to know that WSUD is known as water sensitive urban design. It is a way of land planning and designing a base or set up by which the urban water is treated (Vymazal, 2010). Storm water needs a good treatment plant as much of its volume is wasted through run off. Hence, WSUD provides a base for storm water treatment also. There are several ways under WSUD by which management of storm water can be done but as discussed in the report, green roofing is a beautiful and successful way by which run off of water can be reduced and used for another good (Ahammed, Hewa, and Argue, 2012). Green roof uses a technology of growing plants on the roof of a house. These are not potted but layered beautifully and technically to absorb water for their growth and allow precipitation. It also helps in cleaning pollutants, control dust and maintaining moderate temperature (Gardiner and Hardy, 2005). Hence, WSUD techniques must be motivated by the government as well as common public to treat water carefully and allow nature and environment to flourish as well. References 3M introduces advanced bio filters(2011)Filtration + Separation, 48(6), p. 13. doi: 10.1016/s0015-1882(11)70252-x. Ahammed, F., Hewa, G.A. and Argue, J.R. (2012) Applying multi-criteria decision analysis to select WSUD and LID technologies,Water Science Technology: Water Supply, 12(6), p. 844. doi: 10.2166/ws.2012.060. Beecham, S. and Chowdhury, R. (2012) Effects of changing rainfall patterns on WSUD in Australia,Proceedings of the ICE - Water Management, 165(5), pp. 285298. doi: 10.1680/wama.10.00115. Brodie, I. (2012) Stormwater harvesting and WSUD frequent flow management: A compatibility analysis,Water Science Technology, 66(3), p. 612. doi: 10.2166/wst.2012.214. Coombes, P.J., Argue, J.R. and Kuczera, G. (2000) Figtree place: A case study in water sensitive urban development (WSUD),Urban Water, 1(4), pp. 335343. doi: 10.1016/s1462-0758(00)00027-3. Gardiner, A. and Hardy, M. (2005) Beyond demonstration mode: The application of WSUD in Australia,Australian Planner, 42(4), pp. 1621. doi: 10.1080/07293682.2005.9982445. Lin, W., Ryu, S. and Cho, Y.-H. (2014) A case study of flow characteristics of permeable pavements by time and space model,Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 41(7), pp. 660666. doi: 10.1139/cjce-2013-0165. Rawstrone, A. (2009) Enabling environments: Roof garden - green oasis,Nursery World, 2009(8). doi: 10.12968/nuwa.2009.4.8.1093260. Vymazal, J. (2010) Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment,Water, 2(3), pp. 530549. doi: 10.3390/w2030530.
Wednesday, April 1, 2020
Abstract The essay covers the role of prejudice in wars in Iraq. It defines prejudice and explains its role and effects. Other forms or factors of prejudice such as racism and discrimination are explained. The main causes of prejudice are explained and how they can be used to resolve and be used for the benefit of fighting discrimination and stereotyping. Ways in which citizens can assist to promote peace and helping the eradication of prejudice are suggested.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Role of prejudice in wars in Iraq specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Role of prejudice in wars in Iraq Prejudice is negative attitude and feelings towards a certain group, which include discrimination of people due to their race, actions, beliefs and/or feelings. Prejudice is commonly used with discrimination and stereotyping since they have the same meaning, and go hand in hand. Prejudice in psychology is the science that affects the social mind. They are used to disintegrate people instead of bringing them together as one. It breaks relationships which may exists between individuals or groups even if the relationship is negative like in the cases of military patriotism (Plous, 2003). War has been commonly used to dehumanize groups of people with the intention of killing or casualties. The Iraq war is the most popular in describing prejudice. The U.S invaded Iraq because it is claimed that Muslims from Iraq, who are popularly known to carry out terrorism (jihad) bombed the Twin Towers on the 911 incident. The terrorists retaliated by bombing U.S, thus the cycle of war continues. This creates a gap between the two as the Muslims see themselves different from us and we also see ourselves different from them, thus creating a gap between the humans. Prejudice has played many roles, the main one being loss of human life, which is generated via war. Those participating in these wars are encouraged by bei ng honored and valued, this being the reason as to why war and prejudice never end. Many lie about what war is and itsÃ¢â¬â¢ consequences by sugar coating it and in some instances, lie of their involvement. Those responsible end up being awarded medals or excuses are given, which leave them free without trial or punishment. It clearly portrays racism, sexism, heterosexism and exploitation of indigenous people, animals and the environment at large as some of the major effects that bring about human conflict and enmity. Racism has led to increased prejudice, which is the main cause of ethnic conflicts and wars in the Middle East and Africa whereas in other states, it has led to debates and controversies on race, racism, nationalism and multiculturalism. Advertising Looking for term paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A good example is the genocides which took place in the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s with Rwanda (Africa) b eing the worst affected leaving millions wounded, homeless and many dead. Other genocides have occurred in Bosnia and Kosovo. These events have led to researches on the issues of prejudice and racism. Theories have emerged especially on psychological theories which adversely contribute to our knowledge on this disturbing social issue, and offer assistance on how the acquired knowledge maybe put into practice in understanding and resolving intergroup oppression and conflicts. Social researches have been brought forward arguing that prejudice and racism manifest themselves at different levels which include institutional, individualÃ¢â¬â¢s, intergroup or even interpersonal (Plous, 2003). To understand prejudice in relation to psychology, it may be related to discrimination or one having negative attitudes towards someone else basically because he or she belongs to a certain group. With Iraq, U.S discriminated it since it belonged to the Al Qaeda group, which was a terrorist group an d was attacking it and killing many innocent Americans. In the U.S Ã¢â¬â Iraq war, American soldiers were seen on the media and internet laughing and torturing Iraqi prisoners, while another terrorist group, still in Iraq, showed the video of an Iraqi slaughtering an American civilian. Others had photos showing an Iraq mob killing four American military then hanging them on March 31st. These murders and tortures clearly show a sign of hatred, enmity and inhumanity among the humans. If mobs and groups of terrorists can carry out the same, one is left to wonder what effect or impact trained military personnel could have like that of the U.S especially on their mortal enemy. This becomes really hard for the human activists such as the Red Cross, United Nations and Africa Union to promote peace and eliminate prejudice. Reason for this is that many leaders such as the religious, military and political leaders tolerate this kind of behaviors without bring the culprits into justice. The U.S being the leading in music and film making exercise prejudice by discriminating the Muslim race, in that, they feed civilians with discrimination information in form of movies and music. We expect the military to behave in an extra ordinary manner forgetting that they are also humans who are subject to hatred and discrimination waves against the Iraqis and the Muslim in general as the public is. Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Role of prejudice in wars in Iraq specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some military leaders have made anti- Muslim speeches to the public and on live broadcasts while in uniform and no form of confrontation or warning was done. He went ahead and authorized for both sexual and physical abuse of the Iraqi prisoners. Prejudice is mainly promoted by hate speeches from popular leaders, government actions and the media (Clow and Esses, 2007). The three lead to the widespread of preju dice across the world which results into wars and conflicts between countries, groups or even individuals. Government actions such as interrogations, police detention without trials, profiling at subways and airports, police raids among others are some of the effects causing mainly the Muslims and black\brown colored people feeling insecure and discriminated as they are the main suspects in crimes and terrorist actions. The media behaves irresponsible through talks, shows as well as news as the government can control any information that would expose it to the public but any other act related to a black colored or Muslim related story is very quick to publish and expose it. In the previous years Fight against prejudice took another turn when groups and factions forbid any public expression that would lead or encourage prejudice and discrimination of whatsoever manner. For example, some editorialists accompanied by protestors confronted the president of Rutgers University asking h im to step down for discriminating the blacks and calling them Ã¢â¬Å"the disadvantaged and without genetic, hereditary backgroundÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Others like Ralph Reed called for a press conference to urge people to denounce the habit of name calling especially with regards to race and color. Citizens can assist in promoting peace and fight against prejudice in many ways, although eliminating prejudice totally will not be possible since everyone has their own motives and as long as freedom for expression remains, hate speeches and other kinds of prejudice will prevail. Advertising Looking for term paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For example, some people believe and will express it out publicly that homosexuality is a disease and disgrace to the society, which is a form of discrimination. This is a form of promoting peace and fighting prejudice as the school policies do not tolerate such speeches (Brochu, and Esses, 2009). An effective way of promoting peace is via the media. Using the internet, radio, television, computers and printing can be very effective to make humans understand the need and importance of peace. Media if not controlled and well monitored may lead to war as was the case with the Iraq war in 1993. This is due to the civilians being misinformed due to the unverified information and misrepresentation of statements. Some withhold or release de-sensationalizing information which does not promote peace especially in times of war or near war, thus, steering up war and conflicts. Education in schools mainly junior, high school and colleges should be used to teach students about peace since they interact mostly with others from different backgrounds and of different races. Dialogue should be used and allowed as everyone has a right to express themselves as long as it does not promote prejudice in any way. The government and leaders should strictly forbid and contain prejudice by laying out strict and just policies, rules and repercussions and making them known to all (Esses., et al, 2008). Symposiums and conferences should be encouraged and all races should be encouraged and everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s view should be addressed equally without favoring anyone and discriminating the others. Respect for othersÃ¢â¬â¢ religion should be addressed and adhered to promptly. Another thing to note is that revenge always accelerates war rather than peace. Dr King advocated for peace and called it Ã¢â¬Å"not the absence of violence, but the presence of justice,Ã¢â¬ (Zucchino, 2004). On elections day, we should strive to elect leaders who know the meaning of peace and are willing to go a n extra mile to achieve it and ensure that justice is served to those who seek it. Others may perceive peace inform of justice as those who do wrong by encouraging war or murder to be taken for trial and prosecuted. Also to understand the roots of evil like war, terrorism, murder and any other form of inhuman act (Berreby, 2005). The law should be closely followed as it calls on us to follow the procedures laid in order to protect innocent lives, apprehend calmly rather than to use force and destroy property and lives. Citizens can decide to reject the U.S strategies used by the government and advocate for those that respond to terrorism in a positive and polite way by using the necessary resources to prosecute international criminals. During debates the root causes of prejudice and any other source of conflicts that is likely to stir up war or hatred should be addressed and not only the symptoms and effects. Together as one, we should recognize and appreciate the other parties ar e taking. This way United States is able to respond effectively and receive assistance from the international body if we are able to identify our role in promoting peace and fighting terrorism. Challenge the elected leaders to dialogue with Taliban and Al Qaeda leaders in order to formulate solutions and work together to encourage peace and spread it globally. Ask leaders to change from engaging in wars through bombing Iraq to aiding the starving Muslims who majority are homeless and dying. Increasing the amount of multilateral organizations which are not based on the fact that one is with us or against us, but those that serve all equally without discrimination. Finally, activists and unions can foster the understanding of various cultures and advocate for reconciliation and peace among the inter cultural community (Reynolds, 2005). In conclusion, prejudice and discrimination cannot be completely eradicated but can be controlled or used to the advantage of promoting peace and rec onciliation among the human race. The main perpetrators of prejudice are the government actions which can decide whether or not the war will stop or will continue. Media which has the most effect as can be manipulated to steer up war by the government or other popular individuals and hate speeches on live broadcast by prominent leaders such as the military, religious and political leaders. Peace is inevitable since if war erupts only innocent lives are sacrificed and many become displaced but by promoting peace, love and unity irrespective of color or background, a lot can be achieved with the use of those resources being diverted elsewhere like in invention or assisting catastrophic hit areas or even venturing to the out a space. These actions will not be effective in a year or two or even five years time but will be a gradual process which the following generations will benefit from and the world will be a conducive environment to live in without fear. References Berreby, D. (2 005). Us and Them: Understanding your Tribal Mind. New York: Little Brown and Company Brochu, P. Esses, V. (2009). Weight prejudice and medical policy: Support for an ambiguously discriminatory policy is influenced by prejudice-coloured glasses. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 9, 117-133. Clow, K. Esses, V. (2007). Expectancy effects in social stereotyping: Automatic and controlled processing in the Neely paradigm. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 39, 161-173. Esses, V. Veenvliet, S., Hodson, G., Mihic, L. (2008). Justice, morality, and the dehumanization of refugees. Social Justice Research, 21, 4-25. Plous, S. (2003). Understanding Prejudice and Discrimination. New York: McGraw-Hill. Reynolds, N. (2005). Basrah, Baghdad, and Beyond: U.S. Marine Corps in the Second Iraq War. Naval Institute Press, Maryland. Zucchino, D. (2004). Thunder Run: The Armored Strike to Capture Baghdad. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. This term paper on Role of prejudice in wars in Iraq was written and submitted by user Jonathan Johnson to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Best Research Paper Topics for 2018 Best Topics For Writing A Research Paper In 2018 Chances are all of you have heard about this type of academic activity, which, without a doubt, is an effective method of testing studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ skills and knowledge. As you can see from the name, it is based on an individual research conducted by students. Such papers help people develop their research skills, ability to collect, organize, and analyze data, boosts scientific intuition, creative approach to the perception of knowledge, and practical application for solving scientific problems. It is one of the most significant assignments in the university.A project of this type is usually assigned to elder students. Besides, it is considered that writing a research paper is an effective way to prepare students of PhD and MA programs to writing their final projects Ã¢â¬â dissertations or theses. In any case, this is a responsible task that takes lots of attention. Besides, the grade a student receives for it usually has a large influence on the overall performance and final grad e, which is why it is so important not to fail it and in this post, we will tell you how to avoid a failure and give you a list of great college research paper topics for your consideration!How To Write Good Research Paper For College?Such work is written after a student has conducted an in-depth investigation of the particular problem, obtained certain results, and made an objective analysis of the outcome. It is not a simple task. Of course, if you approach the process wrong and use obsolete tools or methods, you will need to spend hours studying relevant and not so relevant literature, sorting it, and also writing and rewriting your work. However, you can optimize the process and thus, reduce the waste of time and effort. How to do this? These simple but effective pieces of advice should help you improve your results with minimum efforts:Start looking for ideas for research papers as early as possible;Set a clear theme;Do not choose too easy research paper topics and do not pick too complex ones as well, find a perfect balance of complexity, depth, and relevance of the chosen subject;Use special academic search engines to reduce the time spent on the research;Keep all the obtained data, links, and other materials well organized and stored in a safe place;Plan an introduction in advance and make it catchy;Keep the word limit in mid;Consider the individual goals of every chapter when writing it;Do not forget to underline the value of your research work and mention the possibility for further research;Make a review of the literature;Use clichÃ ©s for different sections Ã¢â¬â often, standard phrases and language constructions can save you lots of time;Make sure that you correctly cite your resources;Proofread and edit your text after having some rest and with a clear mind.These few tips can make the process a bit easier. However, you have to face the truth Ã¢â¬â it will be a challenge to write a good work as it will take all of your time, energy, and ski lls, while the stakes are too high because if you fail, your overall academic performance can drop significantly! What to do if you are not ready to take the responsibility? In the case if there is no way you can handle this assignment all by yourself, you started when it was too late, canÃ¢â¬â¢t find enough motivation or simply doubt your abilities, you canÃ buy research paper online. This will rid you of the risks and should save you a bunch of time and nerves if you choose a good company that employs specialists who know their business. Thus, it might be the best decision if you canÃ¢â¬â¢t do it yourself.How To Choose Interesting Topics For Research Paper?Before you can start conducting a study itself and writing research paper, the main thing you have to take care of is choosing a relevant, fresh, and engaging topic. Luckily, today finding a topic for a study is not that difficult thanks to a wide range of available sources. You can find great ideas even simply using the I nternet. However, you need to approach this matter with attention in order to find an interesting research paper topic that would help you reveal your scientific potential and get a good grade! How to make a right choice? Just follow the tips described below to make this process easy and carefree:Search for inspirationNot only your theme has to be fresh and relevant to the subject you study, it also should be interesting to you. We recommend to start with searching for some inspiration. At this step, you should read as much as you can Ã¢â¬â look through your textbooks and other literature related to your subjects until you come across a problem that would sound interesting and important to you.Narrow down your focusOnce you have found an issue that interested you, it is just the right time to make it a bit narrower, choosing which aspect of the chosen theme is the most significant and engaging in your opinion. Why is it important? In fact, having a theme that is too diversified a nd deep is not the best idea as you risk not being able to disclose it fully, which is why you should better pick a narrower one to ensure successful performance.Make notesNote down all interesting theories, experiments, statistics or ideas and store them separately. Why do you need this? Your theme can change and adjust significantly in the course of your study and therefore, it is good to have all your notes stored in one place as any of them can come in handy when you will be restating your theme.Study the chosen fieldYou have to learn everything related to the chosen problem, its fields, related issues, and other nuances in order to see the whole picture and be able to define a topic that works the best for you. Look for various sources online and in the library. Also, do not hesitate to check out the works on similar issues written by other people!Best Ideas For Research Paper TopicsDo not get upset if you still do not have a clue where to look for a good theme or what you want to study because we have prepared a list of the best research topics to help you find some inspiration! Also, check our new compilation of best topics for research paper at 2019 weve revised and added a lot, so you definitely find something there!EducationWhy do teachers have to pass competency tests?Does school or parents have to take responsibility for violence and bullying?The reasons behind the lack of funding for schools provided by the governmentThe main pros and cons of home schoolingCan exams evaluate pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ knowledge rather than measure their ability to take them? Do we really need a new form of knowledge assessment?The so-called Ã¢â¬Å"gap yearÃ¢â¬ : what are the advantages or disadvantages of taking a one-year break before enrolling into a college or university after a school graduation?The reasons behind the growing discrimination in educationThe need to equip special classrooms for pupils with special needs and the reason why not all schools are ready for th is yetRelationshipsThe key aspects to consider when building family relationshipsThe importance of pleasant atmosphere at hope for childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s developmentWhat is the current divorce statistics? How to reduce the number of divorces?What are the Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ family values?The ways to control the rate of divorce on the governmental levelThe pros and cons of mass legalizing same-sex marriagesThe role models in early childhood and how they affect the childÃ¢â¬â¢s developmentMedicine and HealthThe most vital effects of prolong use of steroidsThe difference between low fat and low carbohydrate diets, their effectiveness, and impact on the human bodyMedical use of marijuana: what are the risks and advantages?Vaccination at young age: what are the main pros and cons?What are the hazards of alternative medicine?The harm caused by eating disorders to womenBirth controlThe authenticity and history of ADHD and ADDDo the advantages of vaccination outweigh its risks?Can vegetarianis m be considered as a healthy style of living?The most interesting cases of schizophreniaUniversityDo ACT or SAT tests objectively evaluate the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge and skills?4 year and 2 year programs: which is more effective?The undeniable benefits of distance learning versus the effectiveness of this form of studyingThe role of GPA in the admission procedureHow to increase college studentÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness of alcoholÃ¢â¬â¢s harm?How to plan college tuition?Diploma millsCyber and face-to-face bullying in the universities and ways to avoid itThe ways to create Internationally-friendly community in collegeEnvironmentThe ways to decrease the level of water and air pollution in large citiesThe benefits of hybrid vehicles and use of alternative fuels for our environmentAre the current standards of clean water and air outdated?Is global warming a real thing? Can we say that it is being exaggerated?The ways to keep the balance between the rights of developers and the protection of the wildlifeEndangered species of plants and animals: how can we save them?How bad are the risks of the climate change?Possible ways to stop the disposal of radioactive wasteThe existing recycling programs, their pros and cons, and how can we encourage people to start recycling?The hazards of acid rainHow to stop deforestation?The dangerous effect of pesticidesPoliticsThe ways in which Christian RightÃ¢â¬â¢s have impact on foreign policyThe controversial topics raised in the modern politics and ways to solve themCultural pluralism versus the religious motivation for political involvementHow much money is wasted on presidential campaigns? What are the ways to use them more effectively?What is the key to success on debates?Discuss the brightest political debates that took place in the historyThe importance of freedom from imposition within the rights of religious citizensBusinessThe importance of the corporate lawThe role of leadership in businessHow to ensure positive relationsh ips of employees?The benefits of social media as a new tool for business promotionThe issue of discrimination in the workplace and ways of avoiding itWhat issues in HR exist today?How are modern work environments different?Is regulation of the workforce important?The cases of corporate abuse and effective methods of fighting with itThe pros and cons of gathering employees from different generations in one workplacePsychologyThe most significant works of Freud and their value for the modern psychologyThe similarities and distinctive features in works of Adler, Jung, and FreudHow did the concepts of mental illness changes over the decades?What behavior can be considered Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ according to psychology?Different types of mental disorders, ways of treatment, and approachIs personÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual orientation being dictated by the society and culture, and is there an orientation that canÃ¢â¬â¢t be influenced by the pressure of society?Explain how culture influences a person Ã¢â¬â¢s self-image and may lead to eating disordersHistoryThe first flight to the moon: cultural and historical significance of this eventCompare the consequences of the American and English industrial revolutions and the caused urbanizationThe womenÃ¢â¬â¢s suffrage movement in America and the impact it had on the countryThe key factors in the China-Tibet conflictWhat was the role of Julius Caesar in the development of Rome?What impact did Joan of Arc have on the history?The Cold War: how did it influence the whole world?The fall of the Roman Empire: the reasons and consequencesThe Catholic Church as a powerful political force that appeared after the fall of the Roman EmpireHow did Genghis Khan conquer Persia?Family ViolenceAre there ways to fight child abuse?Explore the cases of murders caused by child abuseDomestic abuse: statistics and ways to prevent itThe cases when women killed their husbands due to the constant abuse: should the punishment for such murder be less strict o r not? Why?The problem of marital rapeThe ways to increase the protection of children without violating the parental rightsHow to increase the protection of victims of domestic abuse on the governmental level?Online securityHow did the Internet reduce citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ safety?What are the effective ways to prevent hacking crimes?Spam email and ways to fight with itEfficient ways of increasing cyber securityThe ways of protecting children from seeing inappropriate content on the InternetHow to maintain your privacy on the Internet?The spread of computer viruses, their potential hazards, and ways to eliminate the risksThe ways to protect your identity from being stolenIs the Web useful or dangerous for children and teens?
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Managing change - Essay Example The different steps associated with change management programs have been put forth by various researchers. Out of them the most prominent model is the eight step managing process of change as proposed by Kotter (1996) (Todnem, 2005, p.370). The process begins with the creation of a sense of urgency in the organization, i.e., major changes necessitate a sense of motivation among relevant people who can sense a potential crisis in the organization. This can arise due to lost markets, reduced profits, and entry of competitors, lost customers or even unacceptable products and services. Such aspects lay down the foundation for change requirements in the organization. This is followed by putting together of a guiding team or a group of enthusiasts who would recognize the indispensability and value of the change. The third step requires creating a vision and a strategy which requires motivating people, giving them a direction and aligning their efforts and processes. Vision gives employees the depiction that each one involved carries and evokes on a regular basis to ensure that the course does not get deviated. The next step is to communicate the vision to all subjects concerned. It is crucial to spread the change message across the organization through repetitive activities through as many channels as possible. Empowering people is the next step in which barriers and obstacles to the change are removed in order to remove hindrances which discourage people to take up the change. Following this step is to create momentum for the change by consolidating the accomplishments and allowing and enabling further changes. The final step is to implant the new approach into the culture of the organization (Tcherpokov, 2006, p.1-2). The change process was initiated in British Airways on account of consistent financial losses over a period of time, shrinking of the cabin crew, diminishing profits, diminishing share of the market, technological changes and cultural changes. The aim of the change process was to enhance organizational efficiency, reduce costs through restructuring of the organizational structure and strategy. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s mission and idea for the change process was communicated across all levels of the organization on a repetitive basis so as to ensure its acceptance and absorption into the system. Moreover, as per the steps put forth by Kotter (1996), British Airways implemented the change process by empowering individuals in the organization to actively participate in the change. This was achieved through training of staffs in the desired direction such as to make them efficient not only to participate in the change but also develop the changed culture throughout the organizational hierarchy. The idea was to bring about the productivity and performance improvement through the people. Only after the idea for the change was inculcated into the organizational culture, it could be implemented successfully. When the changed processes, norm s, activities were completely ingrained into the culture of the organization the results were seen to be long lasting and a new culture was successfully developed in British Airways (Tcherpokov, 2006, p.2). Reference Tcherpokov, M. (2006). The Eight-stage Managing
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Development of Morality - Essay Example The principles in turn direct thoughts and actions, and facilitate individuals to make decisions about what is worthwhile and valuable. Some of the values shared by most individuals and societies, and are the pointing factors towards well developed moralities, include self respect and respect for others, honesty, fairness, an appreciation of the company of others and concern for the common good (Turiel, 1983). Researchers emphasize the role of guilt, an agitation based emotion, in suppressing immoral drives. They have shown that encouraging and rewarding socially accepted behavior motivates individuals to participate in moral acts. Behavioral theorists assert that moral judgment can be narrowed down to immediate, instinctive, emotional responses presented by moral dilemmas (Freud, 1962). ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s interaction with adults influences their development of moral understanding and behavior. Adults may help promote moral development in children by consistently drawing the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s attention towards the effects of their wrong doing on others (Turiel, 1983). They can also give children reminders about rules guiding their conducts in different environments, and most importantly, teaching through example by being role models (Turiel,
Monday, January 27, 2020
Cross-cultural Communication and Marketing of Museums Museum is a place for leisure, education and protection of global civilizations. It is an important public service sector and tourism attraction. As an NPO (Non-Profit Organization), how it play in the context of globalization is an interesting and worth studying subject. Therefore, in this report, it will discuss the cross-cultural communication and marketing of the international museums in London. How the Science Museum and Victoria Albert Museum perform in the background of globalisation will emphasis on how to attract diversified needs and improve service quality. The study will come out with some implications, through analysis of the observation held in the museum. Research was carried out in the forms of data collection. It randomly picked up the issues the visitors encountered while visiting the museum, by using the problem-oriented approach. This approach indeed added a lot of fun in my research, on one hand. A case in point, I saw an elder woman, who pushed a baby carriage, was wandering in a channel. In the beginning, I thought she had some problems and was in need for help, I stepped forward to ask her, and humorously was told that she just wanted to make her grandchildren sleeping. On the other hand, it is an effective, stimulated and enjoyable approach, so that I was encountered in the process. Later, I will describe four special events that meaningful for me and for this observation of globalization. The first thing happened in a gallery of jewellery and other ornaments in the Victoria and Albert Museum, I met a Chinese tourist who was going to take a photo of a pair of sword. At that moment, an administrator blocked him. I went to talk to the man immediately and discovered that he just could not help to photograph the precise sword. In addition, he also mentioned that although the majority of the exhibits in this museum allow photographing, but there is still a small part of non-photos area. However, which are specific non-photos areas, he was not very clear, but he believed that there must have some reminder in those areas and if inappropriate, the administrator will told him. So he did not care about the rules and regulations of the museum, which is not a big deal for him and do not want to spare some time to note down these regulations. The second incident occurred during my visit to a Chinese art exhibition. It is about the understanding of a French visitor towards a Chinese collection ?C a statue of. The tourist asked me about the history of this person, who is admired by most of the Chinese. When I was talking about the public faith of Kuan Kung as the God of Wealth in China, he interrupted me and said that this belief is very interesting. Then he explains his opinion that people need to success by themselves, but not ask for god for help and he also doubt that this was why Chinese doing business through Guanxi made sense. After this, we kept going on this topic. The third thing is about a Japanese mother and her daughter in Science Museum. They are living in London for couple of years. This time, she planned to take her daughter to practice zone, named Launchpad to play a game called the Big Machine. Many people were there and every parts of the game were occupied. She said that she used to bringing her daughter to the Science Museum because children can practice the knowledge there, but every time they just enjoyed one or two parts of the game. Luckily, she said, today we play the four parts of the game and this is due to a very kind American parent who let us play after noticing that we are waiting for a long time. I ask her that why she did not grasp opportunity by them. The explanations she gives to me are impressive. The first one is, in her opinion, she did not want to disturb someone enjoying the game. Second she said that the child is too shame to play with others, she is now seven 7 years old. Finally, she said they had time to visi t this museum, so she did not worry about any chance to practice. The last one, it is very simple, but worth for analysis. It is an Australia woman. She came to me and asked me for the time. After I told her, she complain that the root design and layout of the exhibition in the Science Museum are so bad that she cannot use time efficiency and missed many collections. It is a pity for the tourist. Although there exist the anti-globalization voices, such as German Martin and Schumanns (1996) The Global Trap, the British author Alan Rugmans (2001) the end of globalization, , for now, Globalization is an indisputable fact and continually affects everyones daily lives. As Held and McGrew (2000) emphasized that globalization is currently does not have a universally accepted definition by the world. In the past, the globalization is far more defined as the formation of the global market, where the goods, technology, services; capital can flow and trade freely in the world (Theodre Levitt, 1985). However, the results of theoretical research on the current point of view, this is only part of globalization. From Roland Robertson (1992), has started to pay attention to the broader implication of globalization. That is globalization is a set of globalization among economic, political, cultural, technological and other processes. Here we will focus on cultural globalization, and some of the theories on cross-cultural communication and marketing. Giddens and others transformationlists (2001) thought that globalization is a comprehensive process of development and the economic globalization is bound to lead to the globalization of culture and value. Along with the acceleration of globalization, the impact of globalization on culture has also been keen to explore by scholars. The first understanding believes that cultural globalization is the formation of a common or a single culture, which can be described as a cultural homogeneity (Stephan Dahl,). They explored that cultural globalization refers to mutual penetration, absorption of the worldwide different lifestyles, consumption patterns, ideas, and awareness, thus the development of culture will show the trend of homogenization. The second major theory insists that cultural globalization is the parallel process of homogenization and heterogeneous, or the dialectic of globalization and localization in parallel (). The third main study directly denies the existence of cultural globalization. Samuel Huntington () is an important critics of globalization discourse. He made his famous clash of civilizations theory, which Demonstrate the development of world history will strengthen the differences and conflicts between civilizations. Throughout these theoretical insights, in line with materialistic point of view, cultural globalization is inevitable. Moreover, in reality, we can find the subtle changes are taking place in the worlds civilizations, whatever the western or oriental. (David Herder, 2001). Therefore, this cultural is still diversified in the context of globalization. Cross-cultural communication and marketing of an organization will determine whether it is able to compete in the global market to survive. Cross-cultural communication is to study how people from different cultural backgrounds communicate effectively with each other through language, behaviour, etc. (Cross-cultural communication, 2008). Cross-cultural communication involves a lot of the edge of disciplines, including psychology, ethnology, culture and science. Cross-cultural communication theories are the mainly base on theories that study difference between the values of the culture. These theories include the Geert Hofstedes (2001) five dimensions of culture, Fons Trompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turners seven dimensions culture model. The following will be further elaborated in Fons Trompenaars models, combined with the investigation to analyse how museums manage and market in cross-cultural environment , both of the achievements and shortcomings, through our investigation, although very simple and not comprehensive. First of all, will be a brief introduction of Trompenaars model(). This model, like other onions model studies the culture by dividing into seven dimensions. Five dimensions of them are reflecting how people interact with each other. The first dimension is Universalism versus Particularism(). Universalism is more emphasis on the importance of the rules and regulation system. As described in his book, Americans do not tend to lie when disobey the regulation or rules. The second is Individualism versus Collectivism, which show whether the relationship between the individual and the collective is an Isolationism, or collectivism. The next is Neutral vs. Emotional expression is a measure of whether the emotion is naturally revealed. The fourth one is the Specific versus Diffuse. These are being considered when weighing the participation and responsibility of individuals in the organization. The fifth is the recognition of the position, named Achievement versus Ascription. Trompenaars arg ues that some people believe the position embody the personal contributions, but not your organization. In other words, they measure the loyalty towards organization. The last but one is a Sequential versus Synchronic, mainly to reflect the concept of time of the different cultures. The last one is Internal versus External Orientation, which are to examine the different cultural attitudes on the external environment. There are two arguments, some think that people are controlled by environment, while the others insist human being Dominate the environment. These seven dimensions are well defined and being used to analyse how cultural differences in the museum. However, there is a need to introduce one management framework to help us figure out some implications from the cross-cultural analysis. Therefore, we would also like to use SERVQUAL theory() to study customer perceptions of service quality in the museum. SERVQUAL is based on the theory of total quality management theory and puts forward in the service industry. The core of this new service quality evaluation system is the Service Quality Model or 5GAP model. Firstly, SERVQUAL divides service quality into five levels: physical Tangibles, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy, including total 22 small questions. The method used to analyse is to measure the gap between customer perception and expectation. Whereby, the company need to fix up the other four gaps ,which are less understanding of the customers expectation, wrong service design and standards, failure to standards of service delivery, not match between service performance and service promise. While some reviews on the theory argue, it needs for appropriate modifications when applied in cross-cultural study (Smith Reynolds, 2002), nevertheless, beca use of time and a limited extent to research, we will still stick to the original theory. The first step of analysis will focus on the customers cultural differences. From the above, it suggests that the cultural differences still exist, as the transformation theory argues. However, following the Trompenaars model, we can examine these differences specifically. Above all, the photograph incident indicates that the Western view on rules and regulations are different from the oriental. As usual, most Western tourists have not the habit of taking pictures in the museum. This is because of their awareness of the requirements in the museum in one hand, in the other hand, that they pay more attention to understand the exhibits, rather than simply to mark the travel. Of course, we cannot judge the person who take photos in the museum is fault, but it did tell us that how different values and norms conveyed by different persons. The Chinese tend to disregard the rules, although he knew. In the meantime, there are many other tourists spend some time looking through the maps and rules in the brochure. This is somehow referring to the first dimension that Trompenaars said whether to obey the rules. Easily, the query of the French visitor that I met in the Chinese gallery, make me feel uncomfortable. However, it can refer to the fifth dimension and reveal the distinction between west and east towards personal achievement and the environment. The French person, represent the West, prefer to success by his own effort, but not the god. We can say westerners are more pragmatic and rational. In other words, Chinese rely more on the external environment, while westerners desire to control the environment much more. Followed by, the Japanese mothers shyness is unlike the West, where the parents who can speak calmly of ideas, more open and proactive. This is about the personal liberty. The westerners used to and dare to express their ideas, because in their opinion, everyone is equal to the world, besides the game in the museum. Yet, the mother did not think by this way, she was worry about the others or maybe avoid some risks that disobey their norms. As cite in the model, the mother is more neutral than the American parent is. Eventually, the Australian woman seems to care about the quality of her visit and hope herself has enough time to look around and explore more about the exhibits. Unfortunately, she did not make it. As she complained, she does not like the open form of display in the museum, especially the large museum. She even regards this as time consuming. We can suggest that she takes time serious and tend to not to do one thing at one time. As indicated in the VA Report on Cultural Diversity 2007() , the manager has insight the trend that more BAME(Black, Asian Minority Ethnic) background audience visit the museum(, but there is little forces on impact on service quality by the cultural differences, even more there is no reports for 2008 and 2009. Recommended by the SERVQUAL model, that can offer some implication on five fields. For one thing, the museum needs to make more effort on tangible aspect, to avoid the irregularities. For example, Rules need to be modifying in a clear and well delivering and more clear signs are demanded, too. This not only makes the visiting smoothly for visitors, but also protects the heritage in the museum. To accommodate the customers who are not emotional, there is better to employ some advisors or rules in the practice zone. In addition, it can use some systems, like booking system for this kind of customers to book in advanced or when entry. This will assure the customer right to enjoy the facilities in the museum. Many of tourist use no more than one day to look around in the museum, this is a pity for them. How to make up this perception difference of service quality is worth analysis. In China, museums prefer to make some valuable roots for visitors, this will save time and value for custom ers. This is related to the reliability of the service, because if the visitor can not well experience the service, or the exhibitions provided by museum, that means the museum has neglect its aim due to responsible for its own loss and profit. To conclude, this is just a small observation in museum. The result turns out without enough supportive evidence is a disadvantage of this paper. Over all, it is beneficial to discuss about how a NPO, as well as the public sector to face the globalization, especially manage in the cross-cultural environment. Reference Iris V. and Linds B. (2000) Intercultural Business Communication in the Global Workplace (second edition). McGraw-Hill Stephan Dahl () Communications and Culture Transformation Benjamin Barbers McWorld vs. Jihad Finola Kerrigan, Peter Fraser, Mustafa Ozbilgin (2004) Arts Marketing Butterworth-Heinemann Alan M. Rugman (2001) The End of Globalization: What it means for Business (Paperback). Random House Business Books; German Martin and Schumanns (1996) The Global Trap: Civilization and the Assault on Democracy and Prosperity The Global Trap: Civilization and the Assault on Democracy and Prosperity (Paperback), St. Martins Press; David Held and Anthony McGrew (2000) The global transformations reader: an introduction to the globalization debate. Cambridge: Polity Press; Theodore Levitt (1984) The globalization of markets THE McKINSEY QUARTERLY 1984 Summer; Robertson R. (1992) Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture (Published in association with Theory, Culture Society) (Paperback), Sage Publications Ltd; Giddens, Anthony (Ed.) (2001) The Global Third Way Debate. Cambridge : Polity; Cross-cultural communication (2008) Wikipedia. Available from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-cultural_communication [ accessed 02 Jan 2010]
Sunday, January 19, 2020
In every influential novel, there are definite characters that apply certain aspects to the narrative to show importance of key aspects of the story. In Juan RulfoÃ¢â¬â¢s Pedro Paramo, the case is no different in that specific characters carry an importance to the entire aspect of the story. The characters in the novel that have great importance are Juan Preciado and Father Renteria. These two characters symbolize greater things that cannot just be plainly noticed. Juan Preciado is majorly important for the fact of that he is the first character introduced in the novel and he is the character that at first doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize he is dead. Also, Juan Preciado is like that of the reader in that he is in no place to identify his position in his life or in the readers case, the story. Father Renteria is a character that the people of Comala look to for wisdom and forgiveness because he is the God like figure in the novel Pedro Paramo. The character Juan Preciado is the first character the reader comes upon while reading the novel. Juan Preciado is the son of Pedro Paramo and has just come to the land of the dead otherwise known as Comala in the novel Pedro Paramo. Ã¢â¬Å"I came to Comala because I had been told that my father, a man named Pedro Paramo, lived thereÃ¢â¬ (3). Juan Rulfo uses Juan Preciado in the same way the reader is unfamiliar with the text of the narrative. Juan PreciadoÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship to Comala is the same to the readersÃ¢â¬â¢ relationship to the text for the reason being that the story is a journey in which both reader and character are constantly off balance. Juan Preciado and the reader donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand in the beginning that Comala is a town filled with dead souls but eventually, clues arise that lead to the conclusion that e... ...s. Father Renteria had lost all faith in his religion and himself. As if he had failed a test, he says, "Alright Lord, you win"(26). Father Renteria represents the constant struggle a person has to maintain personal integrity against outside corruption and personal vices which means that he is constantly tempted to do wrong things and sometimes falls for them. Juan Rulfo makes Father Renteria a necessary asset to Pedro Paramo because in Comala everyone is dead and they are all waiting to either receive forgiveness to go to heaven or take the opposite route and Father Renteria is a deciding factor for the people of Comala. To conclude, Juan Preciado and Father Renteria have significant roles in the novel Pedro Paramo by Juan Rulfo. They are necessary assets to the narrative in that Preciado is much like the reader and Renteria is the God like figure in Comala.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
In the novel Ã¢â¬ËTo Kill A MockingbirdÃ¢â¬â¢ by Harper Lee, learning to Ã¢â¬Å"walk about in someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s skinÃ¢â¬ is a main theme, particularly as two of the main protagonists Jem and Scout learn to do this as they grow up throughout the book along with the reader. Atticus, the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s father, educates the children on how to treat and comprehend other people. As Jem and Scout grow older in the novel, they begin to understand this lesson and act upon it both knowingly and sub-consciously. Scout empathises with Walter Cunningham during school at the beginning of the book. When her teacher, Miss Caroline offers Walter a quarter because he has no lunch (WalterÃ¢â¬â¢s family can not afford it and so he says heÃ¢â¬â¢s forgotten it) and refuses it, Miss Caroline can not see why and so continues to offer it with growing impatience. Scout empathises with how Walter is feeling at the time and so on his behalf explains why he has no lunch and why he will not accept her offer; Ã¢â¬Å"The Cunninghams never took anything they canÃ¢â¬â¢t pay back Ã¢â¬â no church baskets and no scrip stamps. They never took anything off of anybody, they get along on what they have. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t have much but they get along on it.Ã¢â¬ She did this to spare his embarrassment. Scout goes on to say, Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re shaminÃ¢â¬â¢ him, Miss Caroline.Ã¢â¬ This shows her understanding of WalterÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective at that time and also how she tries to spare him by explaining to t he teacher. Early on in the book, Jem can already step into someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes and empathise with them to see their perspective. The reader knows this when Jem confronts Scout after she beats up Walter Cunningham at school and he says, Ã¢â¬Å"Come on home to dinner with us Walter.Ã¢â¬ This shows JemÃ¢â¬â¢s maturity and ability to empathise with those around him as he knows that what Scout did to Walter was wrong and he was able to see this by looking at it from WalterÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective. He also defends Walter when Scout wants to fight him. Scout says, Ã¢â¬Å"I stomped at him to chase him away, but Jem put out his hand and stopped meÃ¢â¬ . By also having a sense of initiative and good morals, Jem knows to invite Walter back to the house with them for dinner to apologise and show courtesy towards him. Also, Jem knows that Walter will have no dinner that day and that the Cunninghams would not accept anything they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay back. He also knows that his family couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t afford to eat asÃ well as the Finches. By empathising with Walter, he sees how hungry he must be and so invites him to eat with them. Scout shows empathy for Jem by voluntarily accompanying him to read to Mrs Dubose when he is made to do so after destroying her flowers because she said horrible things about Atticus. For Scout, Mrs Dubose is a distressing object who then becomes the power over her afternoons forcing her and Jem to read to her. Scout decides to go with Jem a she knew he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to do it as Jem says, Ã¢â¬Å"Atticus, itÃ¢â¬â¢s all right on the sidewalk but inside itÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬â itÃ¢â¬â¢s all dark and creepy. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s shadows and things on the ceilingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ She goes with him even though she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like Mrs Dubose because she knows that Jem wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be alone reading to her and so Scout thinks it would be better if she goes along. Scout also sympathises and shows empathy for Mrs Dubose, despite her feelings toward her. She says, Ã¢â¬Å"I felt sorry for her. She was lying under a pile of quilts and looked almost friendly.Ã¢â¬ This shows Scout empathising with Mrs Dubose as she sees that she is ill, and can see how much pain she must be in. However, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not until after she dies that both Scout and Jem fully understand how Mrs Dubose must have been feeling: Mrs Dubose was a morphine addict who was determined to kick the habit before she died and so enlisted Jem and Scout to help keep her off of the morphine for longer and longer periods of time (without them knowing). Atticus wants them to empathise with her so they can see how much courage she had and learn Ã¢â¬Å"what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand.Ã¢â¬ They both begin to understand why she was the way she was and see that she was actually a Ã¢â¬Å"great ladyÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"had her own views about thingsÃ¢â¬ and died Ã¢â¬Å"beholden to nothing and nobody.Ã¢â¬ The reader sees that Jem in particular empathises with her at the very end of the chapter when Scout says, Ã¢â¬Å"He picked up the camellia, and when I went off to bed I saw him fingering the wide petals.Ã¢â¬ This shows that Jem was now beginning to understand and think about Mrs Dubose in a new light and he could now see her perspective. She was not just a bitter old lady. She was a courageous woman who stuck to her opinions right to the end and was determined to be rid of her morphine addiction before she died. Later in the novel when both the children have matured since the beginning, Scout has found herself involved in the ladies meeting by Aunt Alexandra and realises what it is like to be a lady. After hearing the horrid announcement of Tom RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s death, Scout sees how affected by the news Aunt Alexandra is she till retains her lady-like manners as she has company. Scout thinks, Ã¢â¬Å"After all, if Aunty could be a lady at a time like this, so could I.Ã¢â¬ Scout allows herself to place othersÃ¢â¬â¢ problems and emotions into her own perspective and as a result enhances her own actions with those who were affected. Jem not only learns to empathise with people throughout the novel but also other living beings. When Scout is about to kill a roly-poly (an insect), Jem says, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t do that, Scout. Set him out on the back steps.Ã¢â¬ He does this because Ã¢â¬Å"they donÃ¢â¬â¢t bother youÃ¢â¬ so Jem knows that they are no harm and killing them would be wrong. This shows that his understanding of empathy has deepened. Finally, Scout empathises with Boo Radley by the end of the novel. Even before Boo Radley saves them, Scout begins feeling guilty about the way they had treated Boo Radley in the past summers; Ã¢â¬Å"I sometimes felt a twinge of remorse when passing by the old Radley place, at ever having taken part in what must have been sheer torment to Arthur Radley Ã¢â¬â what reasonable recluse wants children peeping in through his shutters, delivering greetings at the end of a fishing pole, wandering in his collards at night.Ã¢â¬ She understands how Boo Radley feels. After being rescued, she begins to start empathising with Boo without even realising; Ã¢â¬Å"Feeling slightly unreal, I led him to the chair farthest from Atticus and Mr. Tate. It was in a deep shadow. Boo would feel more comfortable in the dark.Ã¢â¬ She is thinking about what Boo Radley would like and feel more comfortable with, rather than thinking about things just from her view. After standing on Boo RadleyÃ¢â¬â¢s porch after walking him home, Scout mentally imagines what Boo had seen all these years through the window. She realises she understands that Ã¢â¬Å"Atticus was right. One time he said, you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough.Ã¢â¬ Boo RadleyÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ world was everything outside his four walls. With this final insight of human nature, Scout has learnt what Atticus had been teaching her throughout the novel. Harper LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s novel Ã¢â¬ËTo kill a MockingbirdÃ¢â¬â¢ illustrates how to Ã¢â¬Å"walk about in someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s skinÃ¢â¬ through the protagonists Scout and Jem as they learn this lesson along with the reader. As their understanding grows Ã¢â¬â in particular ScoutÃ¢â¬â¢s as she is the narrator Ã¢â¬â the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding also grows as when the children learn and understand something, we also do. If we could get more people to empathise with others like both Scout and Jem in the novel, we could eliminate the prejudice that still exists in the modern world. Having Jem and Scout grow up during the book make them characters that we can empathise with and so helps enforce the lesson that Harper Lee wanted to communicate to the reader. If everybody did finally Ã¢â¬Å"climb into his skin and walk around in itÃ¢â¬ then maybe we could understand that we have more in common with all types of people regardless of race, nationality, gender etc. Referring to what Atticus says at the end of the book, most people are nice Ã¢â¬Å"when you finally see themÃ¢â¬ .
Friday, January 3, 2020
Differences between References to High Performance, High Commitment and High Involvement Practice Free Essay Example, 2750 words
First is to give power to the employees in the making decisions that are relevant to their performance and the organization as well. Organizations can take full advantage of the involvement when they accord a strong sense of empowerment to their employees and allow these workers to carry out decisions. For example, to create forums and discussions between employees so they can share and develop their suggestions for enriching organizational performance has been proven effective; however, this step can only be successful when good ideas are used and applied (Lawler 2008). The second component is information such as providing as many facts and details as possible about how the organization is doing. These may come in the form of short reports on overall outputs, earnings, and customer responses. The more that employees know about where their efforts are going and how they are doing, the more that they will be able to effectively contribute to the organization. Coming up with a compreh ensible information system that shows their work process and results will greatly influence their efforts and actions. When managers are transparent regarding the organization s processes, it will give employees an easier time in recognizing the connection that exists between their own productivity and performance of their organization (Lawler 2008). We will write a custom essay sample on Differences between References to High Performance, High Commitment and High Involvement Practice or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Finally, the last component is a reward. Edwards and Wright (2001) believe that in a high involvement organization, employees are rewarded when they contribute flexible efforts and a compliant behavior for the improvement of organizational performance.